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University of Ulster Library

General Reference Sources


Dictionaries and Encyclopedias


American National Biography Online
the premier biographical work on people from all eras who have influenced and shaped American history and culture. You'll find profiles of more than 18,000 men and women from all walks of American life. Available on-campus only.
Contains over 25,000 entries with simple search facility.
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
50,000 biographies of people who shaped the history of the British Isles and beyond, from the earliest times to the year 2000. This service uses Athens authentication.
The Biographical Dictionary
Covers more than 28,000 entries with a variety of search options.
World Biographical Index
Free access to a large biographical database containing 2 million references to persons.

Dictionaries – General and Subject-Specific

Acronym Server
Extensive acronym and abbreviations dictionary maintained by Cork University.
ALPHALINKS: Legal Dictionary
Published by the World Wide Legal Information Association.
A dictionary of visual art containing over 2,800 entries.
Computing Dictionary (FOLDOC)
12,500 computing terms explained from the Imperial College, London.
Encyberpedia: Glossaries and Dictionaries
A comprehensive directory of dictionaries, glossaries and thesauri on the Web.
French-English Dictionary
From the ARTFL Project at the University of Chicago.
GROVEArt - The Grove Dictionary of Art Online
The most comprehensive online reference resource for all aspects of the visual arts worldwide from prehistory to the present day. This service uses Athens authentication.
GROVEMusic - The Grove Dictionary of Music Online
Grovemusic.com comprises the full text of The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell (London, 2001) and The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, edited by Stanley Sadie (London, 1992). This service uses Athens authentication.
LEO Dictionary
German-English, English-German dictionary with over 170,000 entries.
Internet Dictionary Project
Searchable multilingual translating dictionaries, currently Spanish, Italian and German.
OneLook Dictionaries
Search over 900 dictionaries simultaneously in a range of fields.
Oxford Reference Online
The Core Collection brings together 100 language and subject dictionaries and reference works - containing well over 60,000 pages - into a single cross-searchable resource. This service uses Athens authentication.
Roget's Thesaurus
The supplemented 1911 version from the Gutenberg and ARTFL projects.
Claims to provide access to the widest range of dictionaries on the Web with access to 2,500 dictionaries covering over 300 different languages.
Websters 3rd New International Dictionary
The 1993 edition of the English language dictionary, containing 450,000 vocabulary entries. This service uses Athens authentication.
WWWebster Dictionary
A searchable English dictionary from the publisher Merriam-Webster.  Links in the definitions allow it to be used as an online thesaurus.


Encyclopaedia Britannica
Includes the complete encyclopedia, as well as Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary and Thesaurus. You can also search an Internet directory that includes more than 300,000 links to Web sites selected, rated, and reviewed by Britannica editors. This service uses Athens authentication.
Over 17,000 articles from the Concise Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 3rd edition.
Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology
This five-volume encyclopedia includes more than 550 articles highlighting current concepts, issues and emerging technologies. On-campus access only.
Encyclopedia of Life Sciences
the most ambitious single reference source ever to be published in the biological sciences, providing a unique and dynamic resource for the next millennium. Requires username and password.
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
The primary goal of the Encyclopedia is to produce an authoritative and comprehensive reference work that is updated dynamically.


Directories - People and Organisations

Telephone Directories on the Web
Provides pointers to telecom directories around the world.
BT Phone Book
Electronic version of BT's phone book for finding residential and business telephone numbers.
Yellow Pages online.
Eircom Phone Book
Covering businesses and people in the Republic of Ireland.
Provides company search by name, product or sector; economic overviews and a list to Yellow Pages in Europe.
Internet Address Finder
Probably one of the most comprehensive services for finding Internet addresses.
UK Directory
A comprehensive guide to UK Websites.
UK Company Researcher
Provides access to a wide range of UK company information including contact details and annual reports
Directory of Publishers and Vendors - International directory of publisher websites.
Publishers in the United Kingdom
Contains catalogues for hundreds of UK publishers.
Scholarly Societies Project
Alphabetical list and subject guide to 1,400 scholarly societies maintained by the University of Waterloo Library.
Comprehensive country by country directory of heads of state and heads of government, historic and current.


Facts and Figures

Office for National Statistics
Best place for UK statistics.
World FactBook
Key data about countries worldwide published by the CIA.
Information Please Almanac
American site with comprehensive links to international facts and figures
Guinness Book of Records
Electronic version of the print annual.  Quick search option for locating particular world records.
European facts and figures, many freely available downloadable as pdf files.
OECD Statistics
Wide range of statistics for all member states.
United Nations database of statistical information for all the member states.
Worldwide statistics on health and disease from the Statistical Information Service of the World Health Organisation.
World Population Information
Latest data and projections from the US Census Bureau. Includes World PopClock - a continuously updated global population total.
More links to statistics are available here (Social Sciences) and here (Built Environment).


Maps and Travel Information

World City Map Sites
Includes a map of the UK. This collection, the Perry-Castaneda Collection, holds more than 230,000 maps covering every area of the world and also includes the maps for European countries and a map of the World.
CNN City Guides
Worldwide coverage.
UK Street Map Page
Search by street name and/or postcode. Recommended service.
Interactive map of Great Britain and more.
Google Earth
Google Earth combines satellite imagery, maps and the power of Google Search to put the world's geographic information at your fingertips.
World Clock
Tabular format displays local time in key locations world-wide.
Date and Time Gateway
Discover the local time in countries and cities worldwide.
Postcodes On-line
Complete postcode database from the Royal Mail.
Calendar Zone
Collection of calendars for every conceivable purpose.  Good for checking worldwide holidays and festivals.
World Travel Guide
Includes travel news and general information about countries, produced by Columbus Guides.
Currency Converter
Converts currencies from one to another using a simple form.
National Rail Enquiries
Journey planner, train times and fares throughout England, Scotland and Wales.
Guide to public transport services in Northern Ireland.


Government Information – UK, Irish and International

UK Government Departments
The main website for all UK Government Department and it also includes links to local government, agencies and quangos.
The Stationery Office
Access the complete catalogue of Stationery Office publications.  It has links to UKOP (the catalogue of UK Official Publications) and the Daily List of official publications.
Acts of Parliament
Contains the full text of UK Acts of Parliament from 1996 onwards and summaries of a wide range of earlier Acts. Full-text Statutory Instruments (including Northern Ireland Statutes) are also available.
Northern Ireland Public Service Web
Contains details on all local government departments and official bodies.
Northern Ireland Legislation
Contains the full-text of Acts of the Northern Ireland Assembly (2000-2002), Northern Ireland Statutory Rules (1991-) and Orders in Council (1987-).
Irish Government Website
Information on the Republic Of Ireland Government.
Official site for EU information: policies, documents, government links, news etc.
Index of worldwide government resources.


Northern Ireland Information

Internet Resources for Northern Ireland
General local sources covering a variety of different aspects.
Internet directory and portal for Northern Ireland.


University and Student Information

US site with over 20 million university and education pages indexed and ranked in order of popularity.
Universities on the Web
A worldwide list.
Push Online
Search for universities by subject, location, accommodation, from a student's point of view.


News Information

Collections of newspapers

HERO Directory of Newspapers and Magazines
Comprehensive listing of national, regional and international newspapers.
ABYZ News Links
Links to over 15,800 newspapers and other news sources from around the world
Online Newspapers.com
Claims to index 10,000 online newspapers from around the world. These are offered by country (or province/ state) in pull-down menus.


BBC News
Worldwide and national news which is constantly updated.
CNN Interactive on the World Wide Web
24-hour, constantly updated news service.
Reuters - Daily News Service
Up to the minute news - via Yahoo. The previous week's stories also available.

Specific newspaper titles

Belfast Telegraph
Access to the current issue.
Past issues available via the Nexis UK service available from the Library Databases page.
Financial Times
Access to the current issue.
Past issues available via the Nexis UK service available from the Library Databases page.
The Guardian
Access to the current issue.
Past issues available via the Nexis UK service available from the Library Databases page.
The Independent
Access to current issue.
Past issues available via the Nexis UK service available from the Library Databases page.
Irish News
Access to current issue.
Past issues available via the Nexis UK service available from the Library Databases page.
Irish Times
Access to current issue.
Past issues available via the Proquest Newspaper Collection available from the Library Databases page.
The Times and Sunday Times
Access to current issue.
Past issues available via the Nexis UK service available from the Library Databases page.


General Collections of Reference Sources

BUBL General Reference
An excellent listing of general reference sources.
A US site offering an award-winning resource for reference information.
Provides access to a huge range of quality assessed reference sources
A reference desk which includes many online dictionaries and directories.
Yahoo: Reference Sources
A good collection of general reference sources.
An easy to use search engine of 19 key reference titles, mainly subject dictionaries.



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Last updated: 27/09/10
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